Last updated: October 24, 2005
This graph shows where respondents placed themselves on the left-right scale, on average by election study. The standard deviation is also provided, as a measure of variance around the average.
CSES Module 1: August 4, 2003 version
CSES Module 2: June 29, 2005 version
CSES Module 1: A3031
CSES Module 2: B3045
In politics people sometimes talk of left and right. Where would you place yourself on a scale from 0 to 10 where 0 means the left and 10 means the right?
CSES Module 1: A1010_1 (Sample Weight)
CSES Module 2: B1010_1 (Sample Weight)
- Japan 1996 and Thailand 2001 do not appear in the table because left-right self-placement was not asked in those election studies.
- Please see original codebooks for notes specific to each country and election study.