Income and Current Election Participation
Last updated: October 24, 2005
Electoral participation is sometimes related to demographic background variables. For instance, the following graphs show that in most CSES countries, those who say they voted in the current election have a higher average income than those who say they did not vote.
CSES Module 1
CSES Module 2
CSES Module 1: August 4, 2003 version
CSES Module 2: June 29, 2005 version
CSES Module 1: A2012, A2028
CSES Module 2: B2020, B3004_1, B3004_2
CSES Module 1: A1010_1 (Sample Weight)
CSES Module 2: B1010_1 (Sample Weight)
- In these graphs, the election studies are ordered according to the difference in average income between voters and non-voters.
- Thailand 2001 does not appear because electoral participation was not asked in that election study.
- Russia 2000 does not appear because in that election study all respondents were indicated as having cast a ballot in the current election.
- Please see original codebooks for notes specific to each country and election study.